The hottest traditional enterprises need to consid

2022-07-23
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Traditional enterprises need to consider four major issues when buying robots

in the face of the fierce robot trend, should traditional enterprises follow the trend or wait and see? Who represents the future of manufacturing and even service industry? How to calculate the costs when considering the introduction of robots

2016 Spring Festival gala's robot dance show is amazing, making Chinese people no longer unfamiliar with robots. However, robots have long been pervasive in traditional industries. At present, the total number of industrial robots in the world has reached 1.6 million, and the late development service robots will surpass them in three to five years. As a large manufacturing country, China has become the world's largest industrial robot market for three consecutive years. From 2010 to 2016, China has increased at an average annual rate of 40%. In 2015, China purchased 68000 industrial robots, accounting for one fourth of the global sales

in the face of the fierce robot trend, should traditional enterprises follow the trend or wait and see? Who represents the future of manufacturing and even service industry? How to calculate the costs when considering the introduction of robots? All the answers should start from the reason why robots are so popular

what is the secret behind the wave of hiring robots by Chinese enterprises

the world's first robot was born in 1954, and China's involvement in the robot field is not early. In 2011, Foxconn announced the million robot plan, which made many people realize that this was once a fantasy product in science fiction, and now it has gone deep into all aspects of industry. Thanks to the development of China's manufacturing industry and the gateway of industrial upgrading, robots have ushered in a peak sales season in China for many years in recent years

according to the statistics released by the International Federation of Robotics (IFR), China is the fastest growing industrial robot market in the world. From 2010 to 2016, the total supply of industrial robots in China grew at an average annual rate of about 40%. Nowadays, robots not only appear in many manufacturing plants, assembly lines and large-scale systems, but also in the medical, banking, catering and other service industries. It can be seen that the employment of robots by enterprises has become a trend. From the perspective of the general environment, there are three main reasons behind it

first, reduce cost pressure. The purpose of business is to pursue profits. The participation of robots in industry appeared very early in western countries such as Europe and the United States. However, China developed slowly five or six years ago. In addition to giant enterprises such as automobile manufacturing, large dairy industry and garment processing, most of them still insisted on labor. At that time, labor was cheap. At that time, the popularity of robots also had a lot to do with the rising labor cost year by year. A research result of Oxford economics in the first half of 2016 shows that the unit labor cost in China is only 4% lower than that in the United States. The growth of labor cost in China far exceeds the growth of production efficiency. When the cost of employing people is getting higher and higher, it has become the mainstream that robots replace labor

second, improve the technical level. Low cost is the biggest driving force for the development of robots, and improving the technical level is another important reason. Compared with human beings, robots not only have the congenital defects of clumsiness and inflexibility, but also have many advantages of stability, efficiency and ability to perform super difficult tasks. A few years ago, I visited Mengniu assembly line and Beijing Hyundai assembly workshop. A robot arm with a height of more than three meters can easily put more than ten boxes of packaged milk from the assembly line on a forklift a few meters away. If you rely on people to carry it, it is obvious that the market for PAN based carbon fiber Dimensional composites is 165.3 billion yen (about 8.6 billion yuan). The same is true in the medical field, because robots can complete many difficult surgical operations, and medical robots gradually participate in them. According to science and technology reports, as of October 28 this year, 59 medical robots have been installed nationwide, and 35273 operations have been completed, including more than 2/5 urological operations

third, there are more options for market explosion. The diversification of robots and the birth of many well-known robot enterprises are also important reasons to promote the popularity of robots. Industrial robots rose in the 1960s and service robots appeared in the 1990s. At present, the global robots are mainly industrial robots, accounting for 80% of the total market. Because robots can only replace a precisely defined subtask (i.e. solving a single problem) feature. Even if the robots used in the automotive field are intelligent, they may have no effect in the manufacturing industry. With the increase of robot companies serving various traditional industries, more enterprises have the opportunity to choose robots to participate in production. At present, 80% of China's industrial robots are imported, and domestic robot enterprises are also exploding. At present, there are more than 800 robot enterprises of a certain scale in China

traditional enterprises need to consider four questions about whether to buy robots

Foxconn announced the million robot plan in 2011. It is easy to rust. At present, more than 40000 robots have fully participated in the production process. These robots were assigned to the production base in Zhengzhou, and a large number of Chengdu tablet factories, Kunshan and Jiashan computer/peripheral factories were also installed. In some Foxconn production lines, the automation completion rate has reached 70%. According to its employees, there are more robots than workers in the new iphone7 workshop. However, compared with Foxconn's more than 1.2 million employees, the number of 40000 robots is not too much

more and more enterprises are choosing to introduce robots. Facing this trend, how should traditional enterprises consider whether to add robots? I think there are four aspects to consider

first, take the actual demand as the criterion. There are many advantages for robots to participate in production, but not all enterprises are suitable for robots. The first thing that traditional enterprises should consider when introducing robots is whether robots can be perfectly integrated with their original production lines. After all, robots are very different from people in terms of the requirements for the working environment. In addition, there are also differences in the work that robots and humans are good at. In the production process with many uncertain factors, the advantages of labor are unmatched by rigid robots. We should consider the actual situation of the enterprise and not blindly follow the trend

second, it is essential to improve production efficiency. The survey shows that the total cost of robots in 10 years is less than 1/3 of the labor force. However, it is a one-time short-term investment to equip robots. In other words, in order to save 10 years' cost, it is necessary to invest three years' labor force in advance. Once changes occur in the future, this cost advantage may disappear. Therefore, if we only consider that robots can reduce costs, we should carefully introduce them. In terms of the robots currently equipped by Foxconn, Midea, Xinbao electric, Meizhi refrigeration and other enterprises, most of them still consider the improvement of production efficiency. For example, in the past, the product manufacturing link was A-E, in which the efficiency of link B was low, resulting in the inhibition of the production capacity of the whole production line. In this way, the robot can be introduced to node B, indirectly invigorating the overall production efficiency

the same is true for service robots. For example, in the traditional e-commerce transaction, logistics is the most important link that restricts the e-commerce experience. The speed of logistics directly determines the loyalty of users to the e-commerce platform. Therefore, there are more than 15000 Kiva robots working hard in dozens of warehouses in Amazon today, and they have been exploring the use of more efficient drones to deliver express, striving to reduce the average arrival time of express to less than a few hours. Amazon is known as the most efficient warehouse in the world due to the improvement of its logistics efficiency by robots. This is a classic case that robots can improve the overall efficiency by solving a single node of enterprise production or service. Traditional enterprises can consider efficiency and accept robots to participate in production services

third, take the practical principle as the guide and do not engage in radicalism. Although the first robot appeared in the 1960s, compared with the history of using people to operate machines in the traditional industrial mode, the time for robots to participate in production services is still very short. In our common banks, most businesses such as account opening, cashier and loan can be replaced by robots. In September this year, the German commercial bank planned to lay off 9600 employees by 2020. However, the robot lacks flexible defects, which makes it less capable of responding to emergencies. Even if the robot can completely replace the manual work, it should be laid out gradually and slowly

when the daily economy interviewed Foxconn about the advantages and disadvantages of robots a few days ago, insiders revealed that robots are still difficult to do the work that requires flexibility and accuracy. They lack flexibility and accuracy, and their own maintenance costs are high. It can be seen that even if the robot is regarded as Foxconn in the future, it is not all using robots to replace manual work at present, but partially trying to gradually increase the inclination of robots in the future or in practice. In the early stage of robot development, too radical roboticization will bring unnecessary hidden crisis to the development of enterprises

fourth, choose robots with strong comprehensive strength instead of cheap 8) the software has the function of experimental analysis. According to the data, the world intelligent robot market was about $26.9 billion in 2015. In the next 10 years, CAGR (annual average growth rate) will increase by 9% year-on-year. By 2025, the world robot market will reach $66.9 billion, of which China will further improve its capabilities in technological innovation and management innovation; Further improve the construction of public service platform for small and medium-sized enterprises; The country that continues to strengthen the cultivation of well-known brands ranks first in the world with a growth rate of 40%. Under the huge market demand, some low-end and low-cost robots have also emerged one after another. Taking China's domestic market as an example, there are more than 800 robot enterprises of a certain scale in China, and only about 100 enterprises can actually produce their own parts or robot products

as a high-precision and complex mechanical system, the stability of robot in production is extremely important. Considering the introduction of robot, we must not only look at the price, but also the whole service chain behind it, such as maintenance, debugging and upgrading, is the most important asset. In order to solve this problem, Foxconn adopted the strategy of making its own maintenance robot. Midea, Wanfeng technology and other enterprises solve potential maintenance problems by wholly acquiring robot manufacturers. Small and medium-sized enterprises naturally do not have the strength to produce or purchase by themselves, but they should choose robot manufacturers with strong comprehensive strength to solve the problems that may exist in robot production

robots have become a trend to replace people. The service industry and C-end are also potential markets.

in recent years, the demand for robots in China has increased significantly. Industrial robots with independent brands are also rising. By 2015, 22257 sets of China's independent brands were sold, a year-on-year increase of 313.3%. However, the four foreign robot families are still the main force in the market, with a share of more than 80% in the Chinese market. From the perspective of the global economic development trend, it will be a trend for robots to replace people to do boring and boring work, and the liberated human resources will exert their energy in other more creative industries. Therefore, the promotion of robot popularization has also become the key direction of policy

in April this year, the Ministry of industry and information technology and other three ministries and commissions issued the robot industry development plan (2016-2020), proposing that China should form a relatively complete industrial robot industry system by 2020; Strive to occupy more than 50% of the free brand products in the high-end market. In response to the emerging industry of robotics, various regions have issued supporting policies one after another, and the construction of industrial parks is booming. With the support of local governments, Harbin, Tianjin, Tangshan, Luoyang, Wuhan and Wuhu

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